For orchestrating Yeongsanjae it has been called simply "one
day offering to Buddha and three days Yeongsan." It means the
continuation for three days and nights. From its name we can imagine
the scale of the ceremony. The first day of three consists of Siryeon,
Daeryeong and Gwan-yok in the daylight, Yeongban in the evening, and
the early morning ceremony and rounding of compound in advance. In
the second day after Jojeonjeom-an, Sinjungjakbeop, Gwaebul-iyun,
the first half of Yeongsan is proceeded. Next is the highlight of
Yeongsanjae, Sikdangjakbeop. The same procedures as the first day
are followed in the evening. The third day is started with the second
half of Yeongsan, Unsusangdan, Jungdan-Socheongjungwi, Sinjungtoegong,
Gwaneumsisik, Jeonsisik and Sodaebongsong. The final event of Yeongsanjae
is Hoehyang Seolbeop [sermon], which is announcing the end of the
Buddhist Tools for Yeongsanjae
|To perform Yeongsanjae, a large outdoor altar is set
up and many tools are arranged in front of hanging Buddha
painting. The tools are called as Bulgu and used for glorification
of Buddha. It is written in Yaksayeoraebonwongyeong that
"we shall pay a ultimate respect with jewels, flags,
parasols, and music. We shall keep (Buddha statue) in
a clean and high place, covering with five colored silk
pockets and all beautiful flowers and incenses. Buddhism
tools are used in ceremonies and training, and also called
as "Beopgu", "Samul" and "Sabo".
|1. Cheongae - Datjip
Chattra in Indian language, it is similar to a parasol
over Buddha statue and is to protect the table in the
Buddhist sanctum from rain and dust.
2. Dangbeon - Bosanggae Dang - a mark
which is to lead all living creatures and to make all
evil sprits surrender Beon - a flag which shows the greatness
of Buddha and is used for wish of blessings sometimes
3. Hwaman - a bouquet maid of sewed or
4. Yeonhwadaejwa - Hwadae, Yeondae, Yeonhwadae
a lotus shaped carving seat for Buddha statue, also called
Yeonhwajwa or Yeonhwadaejwa
5. Utensils for worship ceremony Bulgi - tableware for food offerings for Buddha statue
Dagi - tea set
Hyangro - an incense burner
Dagwan - a tea pot
Daban - a plate for tea pot
Beopgu - tools for training of Buddhism
Daesamul[four great tools]
(1). Beomjong[temple bell] Originated from Chinese temple
bell and Geonchu (an instrument made of wood to make sound
with striking both pieces). Also called as Ingyeong. Its
sound is expected to set free all souls suffering in the
hell and hovering around. It was striked 36 times in old
days. However, it is divided into 33 and 28 strikes according
to the occasions.
(2). Drum (Beopgo) - to direct animal lives
(3). Mok-eo[wooden fish] - to direct lives in the water
and on the earth
(4). Unpan - a cloud-shaped plate to direct lives in the
Sosamul[four small instruments]
(1). Dongra, Taejing - musical instruments used in the
(2). Bara - Dongbal, Yobal a musical instrument used in
the Buddhist dances. Round shaped and using both hands
with holding inner cloth tie.
(3). Yoryeong - small bell made of brass with a handle.
Sound from shaking it.
(4). Jukbi - bamboo piece cut halfway lengthwise. To make
sound, hold it in right hand and strike on left palm.
Also used for zen practice and other ceremonies.
(5). Beopra, Pae - musical instruments made of trumpet
shell with metal mouth piece. It is used for a muster
call for the ceremonies in case of public roundings or
Samhyeon - three kinds of string instruments, Geomun-go,
Gayatgo and Dangbipa
Yukgak - set of musical instruments with drum, Janggu,
Haegeum, Piri and two Daepyeongso
Chwitaak - top shell, drum, Jwabal, Hojeok
Jakbeopmu in Yeongsanjae is a expression of buddhist training and
enlightenment. It represents physical devotion with body movements,
vocal devotion with chanting Sutra and mental devotion with cherishing
of three treasures, Buddha, His Teachings and monks. It proceeds along
with the clear voice of Eojang monk. There are Baramu [cymbals dance],
Nabimu [butterfly dance], Beopgomu [drum dance] and Tajumu [a dance,
similar to butterfly dance]. These dances are used partially during
the Yeongsanjae ceremony.
1. In Yeongsanjae ceremony, the dances are performed in Siryeon,
Gwanyok, Sinjungjakbe -op, Jojeonjeom-an, Gwaebul-iun, Sangdan-gwongong,
Sikdangjakbeop. There are no dances in Daeryeong, Sinjungtoegong,
Sisik and Bongsonguisik.
2. In Yeongsanjae ceremony, four dances, Baramu, Nabimu, Beopgomu
and Tajumu are performed.
3. Baramu is performed at Siryeon (Yojapbara after Onghoge, Yojapbara
after guigyeongjak -beop), Gwanyok (Gwanyokgebara, Hwauijaejineonbara),
Sinjungjakbeop (Yojapbara and Myeongbara after Onghoge), Jojeonjeom-an
(Yojapbara after Gyeongham-iun Onghoge), Gwaebul-iun (Yojapbara
after Onghoge), Sangdangwon-gong (Naerimgebara, Cheonsubar -a, Sadaranibara
after Hyanghwachung/Sanhwarak) and Sikdangjakbeop (Yojapbara after
Jagwiuibul jakbeop). Yojapbaramu follows Nabimu all times.
4. Nabimu is performed at Siryeon (Sabangyosinjakbeop, Dagejakbeop,
Guigyeongjakbeo p), Gwaebul-iun (Dagejakbeop), Sangdangwon-gong
(Samgwiuijakbeop, Doryanggejakbeo p, Dagejakbeop, Hyangwhagejakbeop,
Samnamtaejak, Jiokgojakbeop after Changhon, Guwon-geopjungjakbeop,
Omnamjakbeop after Yokgeon-i/Jeongbeopyejin-eon, Unsimgeja -kbeop,
Daegakseokgajonjakbeop) and Sikdangjakbeop (Jagwiuibuljakbeop).
5. Beopgomu is performed at Siryeon (Beopgomu after Guigyeongjakbeop),
Sangdangwon-gong (Beopgomu after Doryeonggejakbeop) and Sikdangjakbeop
(Beopgomu after Ogwang -e).
6. Tajumu is performed in between the chanting hymns at Sikdangjakbeop.
Presently Yeongsanjae is held as one day ceremony rather than 3
day ceremony. There is no difference in structure but simplified
process in Pompae[buddhist music] and Jakbeopmu[buddhist dance performance]
between one day and three day ceremony.
Stage and Ornamentation
Stage and Ornamentation of Yeongsanjae In Yeongsanjae the ornamentation
of buddhist sanctum and temple means decorations with colored flags
written all names of Buddha and Boddhisattivas, and various types
of paper flowers. The general purpose of it is to stir up people's
belief and delight with the beautiful decorations. It is divided into
two types, ceremonial ornamentation and educational ornamentation.
For ceremonial ornamentation, some objects or paintings of them to
be worshiped, such as murals and buddhist paintings are used. For
the educational purpose, engravings or paintings of Buddha and His
followers appearing in the charts of Buddha's Teachings and Buddha's
former lives. It also helps public to understand Buddhism easily.
Various styles of flags in Yeongsanjae Samsinbeon (representing of
Beopbohwa Samsin), Bogobeon (Sambo and Sajung), Oyeorae, Chilyeorae,
Obangbeon, Isipsambulbeon, Hangmabeon, Sijubeon, Deungyong, Bukdeung,
Wangdeung, Sanhwarak, Jin-eonjip, Chuksangbeon, Saseumgwae, Inmulgwae,
Hwagwae, 4 Bosal [Bodhisattva], Geum-eunjeon[gold and silver coins]-gwae,
Sip-ijido, Palgeumgan g, Chunghwangmok, Inrobeon, flags, kites, Ilsan[parasol],